The DC series of directional couplers are commonly used within channel combiners and in switch frames as splitters for dual input antenna systems. Also, they can be used as stand-alone transmitter combiners and splitters.
Flanged versions are normally used in antenna systems and are therefore designed for outdoor use where they may be pressurised. Pressurisation details are the same as those used for RFS antenna system components: test pressure is up to 100kPa and operational pressure is 14 -25 kPa. Note that all connectors of the flanged couplers are gas pass to allow air pressure to flow through the antenna feed system.
Crossed outputs (i.e. on same side of coupler) are standard in order to simplify equipment layout (not available in ""N"" type versions).
Each coupler size is defined by its ""standard"" connector size. For example: a UHF 3dB coupler rated for 5kW usually has 1-5/8"" connectors, so this coupler is defined as a model DC16EU. Using RFS developed R series adaptors for connector sizes 7/8"" to 6-1/8"", all coupler ports can be adapted to any size flanged or unflanged EIA or IEC standard.
A coupler consists of a pair of strip lines approximately a quarter wavelength long configured in such a way to provide the required couplings.
If two signals of similar amplitude in phase quadrature are applied to Ports A and B (with B leading) the sum will appear at Port C. The arrangement provides good isolation between inputs with low VSWR over a wide bandwidth without adjustment.
If the inputs do not have the correct amplitude and/or phase relationship, an out of balance signal is dissipated in a load connected to Port D. Conversely a signal applied to Port C will split to give two outputs of equal amplitude in quadrature at Ports A and B.
FEATURES / BENEFITS
Typical 3dB coupler showing DC31EU model having flanged and unflanged connectors
Directional 3dB Couplers
470 - 862
UHF Band IV/V
Input Return Loss
30 (35 on specified channel)
Output Power Split
-3.01 ± 0.08 Note 2
90 ± 2 Note 2
Standard Connector Size
External Document Links
Note 1 Power ratings are based on an ambient temperature of 40 degrees C and represent the maximum average power at any ports, at the highest operating frequency in each band.